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Suure-Veerksu Village

Suure-Veerksu Village is located in Põlva County, in Räpina Rural Municipality. Suure-Veerksu Village covers an area of 9.58 km2 (3.60 % of the total area of Räpina Rural Municipality). According to the rural municipality register there are 21 people living in Suure-Veerksu Village (as of 1 August 2012). Thirteen households are in use all year round (as of 2006).

Notes about the former farms of Suure-Veerksu Village have been made by long-time village resident Hilda Varunov (Uusna):

“In the olden times, Suure-Veerksu Village belonged to the composition of Kahkva Rural Municipality. The village also had its own Rural Municipality house. The rural municipality’s mayor was selected from each farm in turn. The mayor visited the Rural Municipality house two days a week. The mayor’s pay was two kroons per month. The Rural Municipality secretary was available in the Rural Municipality house on a daily basis.

Suure-Veerksu was a village that had wealthy farms and large land ownerships. The total number of farms reached 21; plus there were also three peasant holdings (farms).

An important part of the village was its dairy. This treated both local milk and also bought-in extra milk from the neighbouring regions. Later, the neighbouring regions were used only for additional cream.

The equipment of the dairy was foreign and in order to get it a bank loan was used. In order to get the loan, Gustav Lepson mortgaged his farm house. Later, the loan was repaid in unison with the other farms.

The head of the dairy was Hiietamm, and he had two or three helpers. They produced butter that was sold to England. There was also a farm shop in the village selling basic farm commodities.

The most important crop grown in the farms was flax. Although flax required much manual labour, it was also profitable for farms. At that time families were large and most of the work was done by the family itself. Farm hands were mostly used in the summer time.

Later, when distilleries grew, more attention was paid to also growing potatoes that were sold for producing vodka. The received money was used for purchasing agricultural machines, but also for buying the land from the manor.”